Some of the world’s largest mosques may be found in Delhi, and each one has its own fascinating history. During the reign of the Mughal rulers, the majority of Delhi’s mosques were erected.
The British destroyed several of the mosques when they took over Delhi, but many others were spared and are still in use by Indian Muslims today.
The Mosque of Qila-i-Kuhna
For his own worship, Sher Shah Suri erected this mosque. The Qila-i-Kuhna Mosque, also known as the Mosque of the Old Fort, may be found within the walls of Delhi, India’s capital city, at the site known as Purana Qila (Old Fort).
Sher Shah Suri took over Purana Qila after his victory against Humayun. There, he constructed the mosque for his own personal use, which later came to represent a “symbol of his regal aspiration.”
The mosque was likely built in the year 1541. Sher Shah Suri built Purana Qila, his fortification after conquering Delhi, and the mosque is built within the fort for his private use.
One of the buildings inside the fort is sometimes mentioned in the same breath as the Sher Mandal, the library traditionally credited to Humayun. From “gold, lapis lazuli, and other expensive stones,” Sher Shah Suri supposedly constructed the mosque in 1540.
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Sunehri Mosque at Chandni Chowk
Located in the heart of Chandni Chowk, the Sunehri Masjid has been at the center of several violent incidents throughout its history.
It is the same structure, Persian ruler Nadir Shah ascended its tower for many hours to survey the killing of 30,000 people that he had ordered, in 1739. known as Katl-e-Aam, or “the massacre of everyone in sight.”
A mosque constructed by Roshan-ud-Daula Zafar Khan in 1721, it is situated in Chandni Chowk close to the Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib.
Lal Qila’s Sunehri Mosque
Outside the southwest corner of the Delhi Gate of the Red Fort stands Lal Qila’s Sunehri Masjid, which is also called the Golden Mosque of Red Fort. Construction of the mosque started in 1747 and was completed in 1751 at the behest of Qudsia Begum, mother of Emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur.
Since Javed Khan was the harem’s supervisor and enjoyed the begum’s favor, he wielded considerable power. One unusual feature of the Sunehri Masjid is that it was constructed of bassee jung, a pale salmon-colored stone.
As its name suggests, this mosque got its gilding from copper, and legend has it that its three domes are the reason for it. Each of the two minarets at this mosque leads to a large prayer hall.
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Moti Masjid in Red Fort Delhi
The Moti Masjid at Red Fort is another well-known mosque in Delhi. Within Delhi, India’s Red Fort complex lies a mosque built of white marble.
In 1659 and 1660, Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb had it constructed for his second wife, Nawab Bai. Women of the royal family also frequented the mosque.
Additionally, in 1650, one of Shah Jahan’s wives, Akbarabadi Mahal, constructed the Akbarabadi Mosque. After the British retook Delhi in the 1857 Uprising, this structure was dismantled.