There are six categories of Nobel Prizes: Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, and Economics – known as the Nobel Peace Prize – that are awarded annually.
Nobel Prizes are named after Swedish businessman and philanthropist Alfred Nobel and are given out every year.
In winning this award, the awardee is put on the worldwide map and their work is acknowledged around the globe. Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer shared the Nobel Prize in Economics for their innovative approach to reducing global poverty.
Born in Kolkata, Banerjee attended the South Point School and then Presidency College as the son of two economics professors. Since the 1980s, he has lived and worked in the United States.
India is a land of rich culture and diverse traditions and it is a land of education as well. A lot of students from the world come to India to get their higher education. Check this guide on Indian visa for Australian citizens if any Australian student or a professional wanted to come to India.
Indian Nobel Prize Winners?
Har Gobind Khurana: (Medicine 1968)
An Indian biochemist, Har Gobind Khurana was born in Raipur. He eventually made the move to the United States, where he obtained his citizenship. In recognition of his contributions to genetics, he received the Nobel Prize in Medicine.
He and his co-researcher split the honor. Har Gobind Khurana was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on genetics.
Mother Teresa: (Peace 1979)
A lot of people take note when someone devotes their entire life to assisting the underprivileged and downtrodden. The young Mother Teresa grew up in the Serbian province of Kosovo before making the long journey to India at the age of 19.
She studied and taught with the Loreto Sisters in Darjeeling. During a train voyage from Calcutta in 1946, Mother Teresa, then known as Sister Teresa, felt a “call within a call” as she observed the poor and oppressed.
As a Missionaries of Charity volunteer, she began helping the impoverished, sick, oppressed, and those on the margins of society in 1948.
This recognition of her efforts to end poverty and hardship in India made her a Nobel Peace Prize recipient for the first time in 1979 when she was awarded the prize. In 2016, the Roman Catholic Church declared her a saint and declared her a saint.
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Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar: (Physics 1983)
Chandrashekhar was born in Lahore, India, and raised in the United States, eventually becoming a citizen of both countries. He was an astrophysicist and the nephew of CV Raman, a famous physicist in India.
Nobel Prize-winning work on the structure and evolution of stars is shared by him and a co-worker. There is a scientific and physical construct that is named after him — the Chandrashekhar limit. In 1983, he became the first Indian Nobel Prize laureate.
Amartya Sen: (Economics 1998)
The Nobel Prize in Economics went to Amartya Sen for his work on welfare economics. The city of Kolkata is where Sen was reared and where he spends most of his winters.
He teaches in the United States and the United Kingdom the rest of the time. The Argumentative Indian is only one of his many works. Amartya Sen was the country’s fourth Nobel laureate. Because of his outspoken attacks on Indian politics and economics, Amartya Sen is well-known in the media.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan: (Chemistry 2009)
Venkataraman Ramakrishnan began his studies in molecular biology at the University of California, San Diego after receiving a doctorate in physics. The ribosomal unit is made up of a complex network of RNA molecules, each with a distinct function.
The Nobel Prize went to Ramakrishnan for his work in this area. It was a joint honor for him and two of his colleagues. Born in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, the son of two scientists, Ramakrishnan was educated in Tamil Nadu and Gujarat, where he was raised.
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Kailash Satyarthi: (Peace 2014)
The Bachpan Bachao Andolan has been around for a while now. Kailash Satyarthi, a child rights campaigner, founded this NGO to combat child labor.
In recognition of his efforts to eradicate child labor and human trafficking, Satyarthi received the coveted Nobel Peace Prize in 2015. He has freed more than 88,000 children from slavery and child labor.
As part of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize-winning team, Malala Yousafzai was accompanied by Kailash Satyarthi.
Abhijit Banerjee: (Economics 2019)
The newest member of the Indian Nobel laureate family, Abhijit Banerjee, has already been mentioned above.